European Union

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CJEU: damage to an aircraft tyre caused by a screw lying on the runway constitutes "extraordinary circumstances"

The plaintiff had been passenger of a Germanwings flight from DUB to DUS. When preparing for take-off, the flight crew discovered that one of the aircraft's tyres had been damaged by a screw which must have been lying on the runway. The tyre had to be changed which caused a delay of more than 3 hrs.

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CJEU: No Claim for Compensation under the EU Air Passenger Rights Regulation if Air Carrier is Lacking Valid Operating Licence

In 2017 the claimants had booked a holiday package to Mallorca with TUI Germany including flights with Sundair. Five days before departure they were informed that they were rebooked to other flights operated by other airlines wtih an outward flight arrving in Mallorca more than 13 hrs later and a return flight arrivng in Germany more than 3 hrs later than orginally booked. They filed a law suit against Sundair for compensation according to Reg. (EC) No. 261/2004.

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Schengen Borders Code precludes Germany from requiring coach companies to check passports

Under German law, any coach transport operator providing a regular cross-border service within the Schengen area to Germany must check the passports and residence permits of the passengers before they cross the German border in order to prevent a transport of third-country nationals not in possession of those travel documents to German territory.

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Austrian Supreme Court lodges request for CJEU preliminary ruling on Montreal Convention

According to Article 17 of the MC, an air carrier is liable for damage sustained in case of death or bodily injury of a passenger upon condition only that the accident which caused the death or injury took place on board the aircraft or in the course of any of the operations of embarking or disembarking. In Saks v Air France, the US Supreme Court has defined the term "accident" as "an unexpected or unusual event or happening that is external to the passenger" and caused the injury.

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IFTTA Law Review 1-2018 available online

The IFTTA Law Review 1-2018 is now available for download in the members' area. It contains a message by IFTTA President Marc Mc Donald and articles by Larry Gore, Doug Crozier and Michael Wukoschitz which cover U.S., Canadian and European issues. The Law Review also contains a case summary on a recent judgement of the CJEU regarding air passenger rights. Enjoy reading!

Michael Wukoschitz's picture

CJEU Advocate General: Uber can be required to obtain the necessary licences under national law

In 2014 the Asociación Profesional Elite Taxi (‘Elite Taxi’), a professional organisation representing taxi drivers in the city of Barcelona, brought an action before Commercial Court No 3 in Barcelona asking the court, inter alia, to impose penalties on the Spanish company Uber Systems Spain SL (‘Uber Spain’), a company belonging to a group managing the Uber platform, for engaging in unfair competition towards Elite Taxi’s drivers. In particular, Elite Taxi maintained that Uber Spain is not entitled to provide the UberPop service in the city of Barcelona.

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Government draft for the implementation of the new EU Package Travel Directive in Austria

On Feb. 28, 2017 the Austrian Federal Ministy of Justice has published its draft for the implementation of the EU Package Travel Directive 2015/2302. Instead of the current provsions related to package travel in the Consumer Protection Act, there will be a separate Package Travel Act (Pauschalreisegesetz - PRG). This seems reasonable as the protection provided by the Directive is not limited to consumers only.

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CJEU Advocate General: bird strikes do not constitute 'extraordinary circumstances'

In an opinion delivered on July 28, 2016, CJEU Advocate General Bot has concluded that bird strikes do not fall within the extraordinary circumstances defence currently available to air carriers according to Article 5 para 3 of Reg. (EC) 261/2004. In the Advocate General's opinion, such incidents are inherent in the normal exercise of the activity of an air carrier and therefore not 'extraordinary'. Although an opinion of an Advocate Genrral is not binding to the Court but only advisory in nature, the judges in most cases follow the recommedations expressed therein.

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CJEU clarifies remdies for downgrading in air travel

In a recently published judgement, the European Court of Justice has clarfied the rules applying to downgrading of air passagners according to Reg. (EC) No 261/2004.

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EU Commission adopts proposals to simplify and improve passenger ship safety rules

The European Commission has adopted a number of legislative proposals to simplify and improve the common rules on safety of ships carrying passengers in EU waters. The update is a response to lessons learnt, including from accidents, and technological developments. It will, among others, allow immediate access of competent authorities to relevant data in case of emergency ensuring that search and rescue operations can be dealt with more effectively.

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